Asia’s Vanishing Rainforests

Some ten percent of the world's remaining tropical forest is found in Indonesia — more than 225 million acres in total. Of this, about 60 percent consists of lowland evergreen rainforest. Indonesia has lost an estimated 72 percent of its original rainforest from deforestation, and half of what remains is currently threatened.

Papua New Guinea's rainforests comprise one of the last major tropical rainforest wildernesses in the world. About 80 percent of Papua New Guinea is covered by rainforest, but over half of this area has been designated for logging.

Less than a century ago, 40 percent of India was covered by forests. Large tracts of deciduous and tropical rainforest were destroyed over the last century, as the British expanded India?s railway network across the country. Crops and plantations have taken over much of the rest. Today, just eight percent of India is forested, including the world's largest mangrove forest and the dry alpine forests of the Himalayan foothills

Sri Lanka's only evergreen rainforest, the Sinharaja forest, is a unique pristine forest. More than 60 percent of its trees are endemic, and many of them are rare. The forest is also the habitat of numerous endemic birds, mammals, and butterflies, as well as many varieties of insects, reptiles, and rare amphibians.

Tropical rainforest cover in south-western China has decreased 67 percent in the past 30 years, mostly due to the establishment of rubber plantations.

(Source: World Guide 2016)